Acton Institute for the Study of Religious Liberty
The information on this page was last updated 4/25/2023. If you see errors or omissions, please email: [email protected]
The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty is an ecumenical, nonprofit research organization that promotes the benefits of free enterprise to religious communities, business people, students and educators. With an international scope, Acton manages a robust publishing and events outreach that argues for a moral foundation to the market economy. Wholly independent, the nonpartisan Institute works across many faith traditions including Christianity, Judaism and Islam.
The Acton Institute
98 E. Fulton Street
Grand Rapids, MI 49503
Email: [email protected]
CEO/President: Kris Alan Mauren
Chairman: David Humphreys / Frank Hanna
Board size: 14
Ruling year: 1990
Tax deductible: Yes
Fiscal year end: 12/31
Member of ECFA: No
Member of ECFA since:
The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty is named after the great English historian, Lord John Acton (1834-1902). He is best known for his famous remark: "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely." Inspired by his work on the relation between liberty and morality, the Acton Institute seeks to articulate a vision of society that is both free and virtuous, the end of which is human flourishing. To clarify this relationship, the Institute holds seminars and publishes various books, monographs, periodicals, and articles.
The Acton Institute organizes seminars aimed at educating religious leaders of all denominations, business executives, entrepreneurs, university professors, and academic researchers in economics principles, and in the connection that can exist between virtue and economic thinking. We exhort religious leaders to embrace the principles of economics as analytic tools in the consideration of economic issues that arise in their ministry, and we exhort business executives and entrepreneurs to integrate their faith more fully into their professional lives, to give of themselves more unselfishly in their communities, and to strive after higher standards of ethical conduct in their work. Our conferences are held primarily in the United States, but we also conduct some conferences in Europe and Latin America. More information on these seminars can be obtained at Acton events.
The Acton Institute's publications range widely from those directed at the general public to those that are rigorous academic essays. We publish monthly current affairs and public policy opinions both in hard print and on-line. We also print a journal called Religion & Liberty that engages the intellectual reader on issues in the areas of religion, politics, economics, literature, and culture. We also publish the Journal of Markets & Morality, which is a refereed academic journal dedicated to examining ideas in the unique interdisciplinary niche that brings together economics, theology, and philosophy. In addition, we publish monographs on economic issues that have direct impact on Christian theology as part of a collection called the Christian Social Thought Series. As part of the Acton Institute's information outreach program, we also publish transcripts and tapes of prominent guest speakers we have invited to our special events, and of TV and radio discussions in which we have participated. These are available through the Acton Book Shop.
The Acton Institute's academic investigations are conducted by Acton Research. The work produced at Acton Research includes the disciplines of philosophy, economics, theology, and history, among others, and it includes the contributions of both in-house research fellows and of invited scholars. The principal goal of Acton Research's investigations is to seek truth by means of the examination and clarification of ideas. The investigations produced at the Acton Institute are delivered widely at conferences with the goal of reaching the academy at large. The papers and monographs produced by Acton Research fellows take final form as books published by mainstream academic publishers and as articles accepted in refereed academic journals.
The Acton Institute is a think tank whose mission is to promote a free and virtuous society characterized by individual liberty and sustained by religious principles.
Statement of faith
The Acton Institute was founded on the basis of ten Core Principles, integrating Judeo-Christian Truths with Free Market Principles.
IGNITY OF THE PERSON - The human person, created in the image of God, is individually unique, rational, the subject of moral agency, and a co-creator. Accordingly, he possesses intrinsic value and dignity, implying certain rights and duties for both himself and other persons. These truths about the dignity of the human person are known through revelation, but they are also discernible through reason.
SOCIAL NATURE OF THE PERSON - Although persons find ultimate fulfillment only in communion with God, one essential aspect of the development of persons is our social nature and capacity to act for disinterested ends. The person is fulfilled by interacting with other persons and by participating in moral goods. There are voluntary relations of exchange such as market transactions that realize economic value. These transactions may give rise to moral value as well. There are also voluntary relations of mutual dependence, such as promises, friendships, marriages, and the family, which are moral goods. These, too, may have other sorts of value, such as religious, economic, aesthetic, and so on.
IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS - Since persons are by nature social, various human persons develop social institutions. The institutions of civil society, especially the family, are the primary sources of a society's moral culture. These social institutions are neither created by nor derive their legitimacy from the state. The state must respect their autonomy and provide the support necessary to ensure the free and orderly operation of all social institutions in their respective spheres.
HUMAN ACTION - Human persons are by nature acting persons. Through human action, the person can actualize his potentiality by freely choosing the moral goods that fulfill his nature.
SIN - Although human beings in their created nature are good, in their current state they are fallen and corrupted by sin. The reality of sin makes the state necessary to restrain evil. The ubiquity of sin, however, requires that the state be limited in its power and jurisdiction. The persistent reality of sin requires that we be skeptical of all utopian "solutions" to social ills such as poverty and injustice.
RULE OF LAW AND THE SUBSIDIARY ROLE OF GOVERNMENT - The government's primary responsibility is to promote the common good, that is, to maintain the rule of law and to preserve basic duties and rights. The government's role is not to usurp free actions, but to minimize those conflicts that may arise when the free actions of persons and social institutions result in competing interests. The state should exercise this responsibility according to the principle of subsidiarity. This principle has two components. First, jurisdictionally broader institutions must refrain from usurping the proper functions that should be performed by the person and institutions more immediate to him. Second, jurisdictionally broader institutions should assist individual persons and institutions more immediate to the person only when the latter cannot fulfill their proper functions.
CREATION OF WEALTH - Material impoverishment undermines the conditions that allow humans to flourish. The best means of reducing poverty is to protect private property rights through the rule of law. This allows people to enter into voluntary exchange circles in which to express their creative nature. Wealth is created when human beings creatively transform matter into resources. Because human beings can create wealth, economic exchange need not be a zero-sum game.
ECONOMIC LIBERTY - Liberty, in a positive sense, is achieved by fulfilling one's nature as a person by freely choosing to do what one ought. Economic liberty is a species of liberty so-stated. As such, the bearer of economic liberty not only has certain rights, but also duties. An economically free person, for example, must be free to enter the market voluntarily. Hence, those who have the power to interfere with the market are duty-bound to remove any artificial barrier to entry in the market, and also to protect private and shared property rights. But the economically free person will also bear the duty to others to participate in the market as a moral agent and in accordance with moral goods. Therefore, the law must guarantee private property rights and voluntary exchange.
ECONOMIC VALUE - In economic theory, economic value is subjective because its existence depends on it being felt by a subject. Economic value is the significance that a subject attaches to a thing whenever he perceives a causal connection between this thing and the satisfaction of a present, urgent want. The subject may be wrong in his value judgment by attributing value to a thing that will not or cannot satisfy his present, urgent want. The truth of economic value judgments is settled just in case that thing can satisfy the expected want. While this does not imply the realization of any other sort of value, something can have both subjective economic value and objective moral value.
PRIORITY OF CULTURE - Liberty flourishes in a society supported by a moral culture that embraces the truth about the transcendent origin and destiny of the human person. This moral culture leads to harmony and to the proper ordering of society. While the various institutions within the political, economic, and other spheres are important, the family is the primary inculcator of the moral culture in a society.
Donor confidence score
|Does the organization have a statement of faith consistent with historic Christian creeds and is that statement of easily found on its website?||Yes||4/4|
|Does the board have no more than 2 non-independent members?||Yes||10/10|
|Does the board have at least four independent board members for every non-independent member?||Yes||4/4|
|Does the board contain between 5 and 11 members?||No||0/10|
|Does the organization file a Form 990 and make its Form 990 available to the public?||Yes||15/15|
|Does the organization make its audit or review (if annual revenue is more than $1-m) available on its website?||No||0/4|
|Is the organization a member of the ECFA?||No||0/9|
|Is the CEO/President's compensation within one standard deviation of the median compensation?||Yes||4/4|
|Did the organization operate at a net profit (revenue greater than expenses) in the most recent year?||Yes||4/4|
|Does the organization refrain from owning or leasing a private aircraft, or having fractional interest in one, that is primarily used for travel by the organization's leaders?||Yes||4/4|
|For the past five years, has the organization been free of any lawsuits or administrative actions filed against it by an employee, client, board member, vendor, donor, or other related party?||Yes||4/4|
|Are author royalties and speaking engagement fees paid to the organization, and not the individual?||Yes||4/4|
|Does the organization require its employees to affirm upon hiring the statement of faith of the organization?||No||0/4|
|Is the board chair an independent member of the board?||0/4|
|Does the board have term limits?||Yes||4/4|
|Have there been no public accusations of misdeeds against the organization, founder, CEO, senior pastor, or board members in the past five years?||Yes||4/4|
|Has the organization refrained from the use of non-disclosure agreements?||Yes||4/4|
|Does the organization have an overall financial efficiency rating of at least 2 stars?||Yes||4/4|
|Total donor confidence score||69/100|
Financial efficiency ratings
|Category||Rating||Overall rank||Sector rank|
|Overall efficiency rating||763 of 1091||31 of 43|
|Fund acquisition rating||646 of 1094||29 of 43|
|Resource allocation rating||403 of 1094||20 of 43|
|Asset utilization rating||981 of 1091||37 of 43|
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|Receivables, inventories, prepaids||$3,117,036||$3,857,264||$957,965||$1,744,823||$1,134,540|
|Other current assets||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Total current assets||$18,436,484||$20,272,927||$9,201,725||$6,766,218||$6,643,113|
|Other long-term assets||$0||$0||$0||$0||$11,000|
|Total long-term assets||$11,059,962||$10,144,712||$9,376,961||$9,540,064||$9,421,510|
|Payables and accrued expenses||$510,622||$457,633||$366,961||$225,828||$223,387|
|Other current liabilities||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Total current liabilities||$510,622||$457,633||$366,961||$225,828||$223,387|
|Due to (from) affiliates||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Other long-term liabilities||$1,277,000||$3,478,891||$0||$0||$0|
|Total long-term liabilities||$1,277,000||$3,478,891||$0||$0||$0|
|Without donor restrictions||$15,261,040||$16,330,253||$14,272,684||$12,051,115||$12,148,621|
|With donor restrictions||$12,447,784||$10,150,862||$3,939,041||$4,029,339||$3,692,615|
|Revenues and expenses|
|Program service revenue||$320,483||$200,238||$35,580||$323,651||$394,493|
|Total other revenue||$1,369,457||$965,554||$627,002||$872,331||$1,053,758|
|Management and general||$967,172||$806,732||$642,836||$695,875||$591,413|
|Change in net assets||2022||2021||2020||2019||2018|
|Other changes in net assets||$0||$0||$0||$0||$0|
|Total change in net assets||$1,435,074||$7,185,875||$1,719,378||($144,630)||($956,299)|
|Stephen Barrows||Chief Operating Officer||$218,523|
|Alejandro Chafuen||Managing Director of Inter||$213,017|
|Michael Miller||Director of Media||$178,938|
|Rev Robert A Sirico||President Emeritus||$176,068|
|Kevin Augustyn||VP of Development||$168,370|
|Eric Kohn||Director of Communications||$158,411|
|Tom Vogt||Director of Finance||$148,326|
|Anthony Sacramone||Executive Editor||$141,048|
Compensation data as of: 12/31/2022
No response has been provided by this ministry.
The information below was provided to MinistryWatch by the ministry itself. It was last updated 4/25/2023. To update the information below, please email: [email protected]